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floyd - Mon 26 October 2020 - raspberrypi, pi, homeassistant, DSMR


Modern electricity/gas meters in the Netherlands support the so-called DSMR standard(is it even a standard?), also known as Slimme meter, or P1 poort. One can easily find a FTDI-based "P1 cable" in many on-line Dutch shops (will not link to a particular one but a quick internet search on "P1 cable" or "P1 slimme meter kabel" will return more than enough results).

Collecting data

To collect the data from your meter, you would use this "USB-to-P1 cable" (for the lack of a better name), and some software, e.g DSMR reader, or HomeAssistant (see the DSMR integration)

Since my home lab is nowhere close to the "meterkast", I would have needed a really long USB cable... Instead, we can fix this with science! A quick search through my modest hardware pile produced a Raspberry Pi 1 (the original!), a short network cable, an SD card and a pl2303-based USB to TTL adapter (see Serial console on a Raspberry Pi), and the idea to use ser2net emerged, as the dsmr reader integration supports it.

Here comes OpenWRT

Raspbian or anything as heavy as that would be overweight for this old board, so I went for OpenWRT, really lightweight (the final install uses around 14MB), and easy to configure.

I followed the official OpenWRT on Raspberry Pi docs for the installation, and performed the initial configuration (network, root password, etc) via the serial console. After making sure that the system can be reached via ssh, I moved it next to the smart meter.

To use the FTDI adapter, and ser2net, we need to install some prerequisites first:

opkg update
opkg install ser2net
opkg install kmod-usb-serial-ftdi

There's already a (disabled) ser2net config for ttyUSB0:

# uci show ser2net

The ser2net proxy has been enabled, and some serial parameters had to be changed as my meter is an Iskra which uses the 2.2 version of DSMR::

root@OpenWrt:~# uci set ser2net.@proxy[1].enabled=1
root@OpenWrt:~# uci set ser2net.@proxy[1].protocol='raw'
root@OpenWrt:~# uci set ser2net.@proxy[1].baudrate=9600
root@OpenWrt:~# uci set ser2net.@proxy[1].parity=even
root@OpenWrt:~# uci set ser2net.@proxy[1].databits=7
root@OpenWrt:~# service ser2net enable
root@OpenWrt:~# service ser2net start

telnet can be used to validate that this actually works (a "telnet <ip> 5001" would return several lines of data every 10 seconds).

At this point, I could follow the DSMR integration docs to add the meter to HomeAssistant.

Bonus: prometheus metrics

HomeAssistant has a Prometheus integration. Short config excerpt for exporting only the DSMR metrics to prometheus:

# configuration.yaml
  namespace: hass
      - sensor.energy_*
      - sensor.gas_*
      - sensor.power_consumption
      - sensor.power_production
      - sensor.power_tariff

Bonus: prometheus metrics take 2

It looks like there's even a prometheus-node-exporter clone in OpenWRT, that can provide a bunch of system metrics (if you're running Prometheus for your network monitoring of course):

opkg install prometheus-node-exporter-lua
uci set prometheus-node-exporter-lua.main.listen_interface=lan
service prometheus-node-exporter-lua enable

floyd - Sun 25 October 2020 - raspberrypi, pi, serial, console floyd - Sun 15 March 2020 - mikrotik, serial, network floyd - Sat 08 February 2020 - rancid, mikrotik floyd - Sun 06 October 2019 - yaml, ruby, cli floyd - Wed 18 September 2019 - shell, shellcheck, scripting floyd - Mon 03 December 2018 - openbsd, browser, vimb, iridium floyd - Sat 11 August 2018 - openbsd, linux, xterm floyd - Mon 30 July 2018 - openbsd, httpd, relayd floyd - Tue 10 July 2018 - openbsd, qemu floyd - Mon 23 October 2017 - elasticsearch, tips, linux floyd - Tue 19 January 2016 - ansible, tips, linux floyd - Sat 17 October 2015 - logstash, graphite, tips, linux floyd - Tue 06 October 2015 - elasticsearch, tips, linux floyd - Tue 11 November 2014 - fluxbox, tips, linux floyd - Mon 10 November 2014 - pelican, blog floyd - Tue 25 February 2014 - git, github floyd - Fri 24 January 2014 - linux, git, slackware floyd - Fri 24 January 2014 - linux, slackware floyd - Tue 19 November 2013 - electronics, flatbed, scanner, hacks, hardware
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